real-time 3d flocking on gpu

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abe3d
Messaggi: 1122
Iscritto il: lun dic 07, 2009 1:48 pm

real-time 3d flocking on gpu

Messaggio da abe3d »

Today I present my new frontier in the simulation of artificial creatures.
By revisiting classic script programming and expressions in <Python for Cinema4D> with external libraries, I've achieved real-time 3D flocking by combining Thinking Particles (TP) with the power of an NVIDIA GPU.
TP offers unprecedented control over every aspect of particle behavior through Python code. Completely flexible and unrestricted by predefined nodes, it allows for creating any desired behavior, from realistic physics to artificial intelligence. However, its performance largely depends on the programmer's ability to optimize the code.
The GPU drastically accelerates calculations compared to the CPU, allowing for real-time visualization of smooth and interactive particle behavior, providing immediate feedback to the animator. Managing a large number of particles simulating thousands of boids finally becomes possible on TP.
Parameters of the Flocking Simulation:
• Separation: Boids avoid collisions with each other, maintaining a minimum pre-set distance.
• Alignment: Boids tend to match the speed and direction of their neighbors.
• Cohesion: Boids cluster toward the center of mass of their group.
• Boundaries: Boids remain within the simulation domain with natural behavior.
• Speed Limits: Speed is limited within a preset range for realistic movement.
• Prey: Boids can follow moving targets relative to distance.
• Obstacles: Boids interact with obstacles realistically.
All parameters are controlled by response factors to recreate a smooth reaction.
Further implementations are possible, such as complex obstacle ray tracking, which predicts the most reliable escape route while avoiding collisions, direction of travel, which maintains a rotation axis in the direction of acceleration, and arc of vision, which limits interactions to only visible boids within a section of a circle, for greater simulation realism.
The simulation in question is in the experimental phase and has a good margin for performance improvement and code optimization, which will be published later on GitHub. The results obtained on a specific machine* are nevertheless remarkable: Simulation of 1000 boids in real-time with a stable frame rate of 45 FPS. Demonstration of the potential of TP and GPU for real-time 3D flocking.
Immagine 2024-03-09 002119.png
Immagine 2024-03-09 002119.png (97.84 KiB) Visto 2940 volte
On more powerful machines with faster buses, a higher frame rate and the management of an even greater number of boids can be expected. Despite the clear performance increase, as evidenced by the attached graph, the significant advantage of using the GPU is felt with the increasing number of particles, but this is undermined by the update phase, which still must occur via the CPU and canonical c4dpython code.
In conclusion, the combination of Thinking Particles and GPU represents a powerful and versatile approach for simulating 3D flocking in Cinema 4D.
Thank you for your attention.
A short demo video is available at the link https://youtu.be/DhI1yZ_azUI

* Tests conducted on:
Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-4650 0 @ 2.70GHz
Processori fisici: 1
Cores: 8
Processori logici: 16
Memoria 32GB
SSD
GPU NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2070 Super
Se le dimensioni del seno di una donna non sono direttamente proporzionali alla sua massa corporea, allora sono sicuramente inversamente proporzionali alla sua intelligenza.
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